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Best Programming Languages in 2022 for Developer


Python is an open-source programming language, initially designed by the Dutch programmer Guido van Rossum in the late 1980s. The first version, Python 0.9.0, was released in 1991. It is powerful, user-friendly and easy to learn. Python is used in many fields, such as Machine Learning (ML), automation, and scientific computing. It can also serve as a scripting language for web applications. Furthermore, there are diverse Python frameworks, like Django, TurboGears, and Flask, that support developers in the development of complex applications.


JavaScript is one of the core technologies of the WWW, together with HTML and CSS. It was initially developed by the American computer programmer Brendan Eich, at Netscape, in 1995. It is a must-have among software developers and a great starting point for beginners. JavaScript must not be confused with Java, although both of them have a C-like syntax and JS was designed with Java’s syntax and standard library in mind.


Java was originally designed by the Canadian computer scientist James Gosling, while working at Sun Microsystems, in 1995. It is a particularly popular programming language for server-client web applications. Although it was initially released under a proprietary license, it is currently available under a GNU GPL 2.0-only license.


The markup language HTML, short for HyperText Markup Language, was initially designed by the British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee in 1993. Used in combination with CSS and JavaScript, HTML is used by web browsers to compose visual web pages.


CSS, short for Cascading Style Sheets, is a style sheet language, developed by W3C in 1996. It is used to format documents written in HTML or XML. So, as well as HTML and JavaScript, it is a cornerstone of the WWW.


SQL, short for Structured Query Language, was initially designed by the American computer scientists Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce in 1974. It is a declarative programming language used for data management in relational database management systems (RDBMS). MySQL, MariaDB, and Microsoft SQL Server are some of the most popular RDBMS nowadays.


C# (C Sharp) is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language, initially designed by the Danish software engineer Anders Hejlsberg while working at Microsoft, in 2000. It is used for developing web services, web, mobile and desktop applications, and games. It was approved as an international standard by Ecma International in 2002 and ISO/IEC in 2003.


C is a general-purpose programming language, originally designed by the American computer scientist Dennis Ritchie in the 1970s. It stands out for the efficiency of its code. C is widely used for developing system software, creating applications and on a wide range of computer architectures — from supercomputers to embedded systems. C has diverse standards, ANSI C, ISO C and Standard C, software developers are encouraged to follow to ensure portability between compilers.


C++ was initially developed by the Danish computer  scientist Bjarne Stroustrup in 1985, as an extension of C. It is often used in software infrastructure, desktop applications, servers, etc. This programming language is mostly implemented as a compiled language.


TypeScript is an open-source programming language, first released in 2012 by Microsoft. It is designed for developing large applications, JavaScript applications for client-side and server-side execution, etc.


PHP is a scripting language intended for web development on the server side. It was initially designed by the Danish-Canadian programmer Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994-1995. It is also used for creating dynamic web page content and many other programming tasks, such as robotic drone control. Many popular Content Management Systems, such as WordPress, Drupal, or Moodle, use PHP.


R is a programming language, initially developed by the New Zealander statistician Ross Ihaka and the Canadian statistician Robert Gentleman in 1993. It is very popular in statistical computing and graphics, for performing data analysis and developing statistical software. It is available under GNU GPL v2. Current developer: the R Core Team and the R Foundation for Statistical Computing.

Bash / Shell

The command language and Unix shell Bash is the GNU Project’s shell. It was designed as a free software replacement for the Bourne shell by the American programmer Brian Fox, in 1989. Since then, most Linux distributions use it as the default login shell. It is available under GNU GPL v3 or later.


Go was initially designed by the Swiss computer scientist Robert Griesemer, the Canadian programmer Rob Pike and the American computer scientist Ken Thompson, while working at Google, in 2007. It was developed to improve programming productivity, maintaining useful characteristics of other languages already in use.


Swift is an open-source programming language, originally designed by Chris Lattner, Doug Gregor, John McCall, Ted Kremenek, Joe Groff and Apple Inc. It was created to replace Objective-C for developing macOS and iOS applications. This language presents a simpler syntax and includes modern programming language theory concepts. It is available under Apache License 2.0.


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